The Great Assessment Picture book (GAP)

The chapters are all WORD documents. The documents will appear in a new window.

  1. Introduction
    Version March 16, 2001 (44 KB)
  2. Jan de Lange's Pyramid
    Version March 30, 2001 (77 KB)
    Level 1: Reproduction, procedures, concepts and definitions
    Level 2: Connections and integration for problem solving.
    Level 3: Mathematization, mathematical thinking and reasoning, generalization and insight.
  3. Insight in the Pyramid, Level 1
    Version April 20, 2001 (53 KB)
    Knowledge of facts.
    Using routine procedures.
    Concepts and definitions.
  4. Insight in the Pyramid, Level 2
    Version April 20, 2001 (196 KB)
  5. Insight in the Pyramid, Level 3
    Version May 4, 2001 (71 KB)
  6. Context
    Version May 18, 2001 (139 KB)
    How to choose appropriate contexts for problems to be used in a test?
    Relevance and role of context.
    Real versus artificial versus virtual context.
  7. Formats for Problems; Multiple Choice
    Version May 18, 2001 (85 KB)
  8. Formats for Questions: Open Questions
    Version June 1, 2001 (101 KB)
    Short answer questions
    Open problems
    Multiple question items (super items)
  9. Formats for Problems: Larger Tasks
    Version June 1, 2001 (69 KB)
    Homework assignment
    Two-stage task
    Group work
    Make it up yourself!
  10. Developing a Balanced Assessment Plan
    Version July 20, 2001 (48 KB)
    Assessment as an ongoing process
    Language used for tests
    Developing a balanced end-of-unit test
  11. Scoring and grading
    Version April 19, 2002 (51KB)
    How to appreciate student work?
    Scoring student work: Analytical approach, using score points; Giving an overall judgment (sometimes called a holistic approach)
    Grading student work

  12. Practice Makes Perfect
    Version October 19, 2001 (141 KB)
    How to assess student answers as positively as possible?
    How to encourage students to look at their mistakes and learn from them?
    In this chapter some practical aids and tools are discussed.